Messenger No. 121 (September 2005)

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2-10 (PDF)
I. Hook, The Opticon Elt Science Working
Science with Extremely Large Telescopes

ADS BibCode:
2005Msngr.121....2H
Author(s)/Affiliation(s):
Hook, I.; The Opticon Elt Science Working
AA(University of Oxford) AB(the OPTICON ELT Science Working Group, http://www.astro-opticon.org/networking/elt.html)
Abstract:
Astronomers around Europe are gearing up for the next generation of groundbased telescopes to follow on from the success of the VLT and other 6-10-m telescopes. All aspects of astronomy will be dramatically advanced by the enormous improvements attainable in collecting area and angular resolution: major new classes of astronomical objects will become accessible to observation for the first time. In July of this year a book was produced by a group of European astronomers, which describes the science achievable with a telescope of diameter 50-100 m. Here we present some highlights from this science case, ranging from direct observations of Earth-like planets outside our own Solar System to the most distant objects in the Universe.
References:
Abadi M. G., Navarro J. F., Steinmetz M., Eke V. R.
2003, ApJ 591, 499
Andersen T., Ardeberg A., Owner-Petersen M. 2003,
“Euro50, A 50-m Adaptive Optics Telescope”,
Lund Observatory
Andersen T., Ardeberg A., Riewaldt H., Quinlan N.,
Lastiwka M., McNamara K., Wang X., Enmark A.,
Owner-Petersen M., Shearer A., Fan C., Moraru D.
2004, SPIE 5489, 407
Aparicio A. & Gallart C. 2004, AJ 128, 1465
Bremer M. & Lehnert M. 2005b, in proc “The Evolution
of Starbursts” AIP Proc 331. Heraeus Seminar:
The Evolution of Starbursts Eds. Huettemeister,
Manthey, Aalto, Bomans
Chauvin G., Lagrange A.-M., Dumas C., Zuckerman
B., Mouillet D., Song I., Beuzit J.-L., Lowrance P.
2004, A&A 425, L29
Della Valle M., Gilmozzi R., Panagia N., Bergeron J.,
Madau P., Spyromilio J., Dierickx P. 2005, in proceedings
of the Berlin-04 meeting “Exploring the
Cosmic Frontier”, Springer-Verlag series “ESO
Astrophysics Symposia”, ed. A. Lobanov, in press.
See also astro-ph/0504103
Dierickx P., Brunetto E., Comeron F., Gilmozzi R.,
Gonte F., Koch F., le Louarn M., Monnet, G.,
Spyromilio J., Surdej I., Verinaud C., Yaitskova N.
2004, SPIE 5489, 391
Gilmozzi R. 2004, SPIE 5489, 1
Hainaut O., Rahoui F., Gilmozzi R., 2005, in proceedings
of the Berlin-04 meeting “Exploring the
Cosmic Frontier”, Springer-Verlag series “ESO
Astrophysics Symposia”, ed. A. Lobanov, in press
Knop R. et al. 2003, ApJ 598, 102
Mayer L., Quinn T., Wadsley J., Stadel J. 2004, ApJ
609, 1045
Perlmutter S. et al. 1998, Nature 391, 51
Perlmutter S. et al. 1999, ApJ 517, 565
Riess A. et al. 1998, 116, 1009
Riess A. et al 2004, ApJ 607, 665
Tonry J. et al. 2003, ApJ 594, 1

Reports from Observers

11-16 (PDF)
H.-U. Kaufl et al.
Deep Impact at ESO Telescopes

ADS BibCode:
2005Msngr.121...11K
Section:
Reports from Observers
Author(s)/Affiliation(s):
Kaufl, H.-U.; Ageorges, N.; Bagnulo, S.; Barrera, L.; Böhnhardt, H.; Bonev, T.; Hainaut, O.; Jehin, E.; Kerber, F.; Locurto, G.; Manfroid, J.; Marco, O.; Pantin, E.; Pompei, E.; Saviene, I.; Selman, F.; Sterken, C.; Rauer, .; Tozzi, G. P.; Weiler, M.
AA(ESO) AB(ESO) AC(ESO) AD(Universidad Metropolitana de Ciencias de la Educacíon, Santiago de Chile, Chile) AE(Max-Planck-Institut für Sonnensystemforschung, Katlenburg-Lindau, Germany) AF(Institute of Astronomy, Sofia, Bulgaria) AG(ESO) AH(ESO) AI(ESO) AJ(ESO) AK(Université de Liège, Belgium) AL(ESO) AM(CEA, Saclay, France) AN(ESO) AO(ESO) AP(ESO) AQ(Vrije Universiteit Brussel, Belgium) AR(Deutsches Zentrum für Luft und Raumfahrt, Germany) AS(Istituto Nazionale di Astrofisica (INAF) – Osservatorio di Arcetri, Italy) AT(Deutsches Zentrum für Luft und Raumfahrt, Germany)
Abstract:
This article is a first summary of the observations done with ESO telescopes and instrumentation in the context of NASA's Deep Impact (DI) space mission. The ESO observers were part of an extremely active, communicative and thus successful worldwide network of observers. Through this network all information was freely exchanged and highlights are reported here as well.
References:
A’Hearn M. F. et al. 2005, Space Science Reviews,
Volume 117, Issue 1–2, pp. 1–21
Hampton, D. L. et al. 2005, Space Science
Reviews, Volume 117, Issue 1–2, pp. 43–93
Meech, K. J. et al. 2005, Space Science Reviews,
Volume 117, Issue 1–2, pp. 297–334
Note: For in-depth reading on the subject,
http://deepimpact.eso.org/ is a good starting point.
17-17 (PDF)
ESO
A Triple Asteroid System

ADS BibCode:
2005Msngr.121...17.
Section:
Reports from Observers
Author(s)/Affiliation(s):
ESO
AA(ESO)
Abstract:
One of the thousands of minor planets orbiting the Sun has been found to have its own mini planetary system. Astronomer Franck Marchis (University of California, Berkeley) and his colleagues at the Observatoire de Paris have discovered the first triple asteroid system – two small asteroids orbiting a larger one known since 1866 as 87 Sylvia.
18-22 (PDF)
S. Randich et al.
FLAMES Observations of Old Open Clusters: Constraints on the Evolution of the Galactic Disc and Mixing Processes in Stars

ADS BibCode:
2005Msngr.121...18R
Section:
Reports from Observers
Author(s)/Affiliation(s):
Randich, S.; Bragaglia, A.; Pastori, L.; Prisinzano, L.; Sestito, P.; Spano, P.; Villanova, S.; Carraro, G.; Carretta, E.; Romano, D.; Zaggia, S.; Pallavicini, R.; Pasquini, L.; Primas, F.; Tagliaferri, G.; Tosi, M.
AA(INAF – Osservatorio Astrofisico di Arcetri, Italy) AB(INAF – Osservatorio Astronomico di Bologna, Italy) AC(INAF – Osservatorio Astronomico di Brera, Italy) AD(INAF – Osservatorio Astronomico di Palermo, Italy) AE(INAF – Osservatorio Astronomico di Bologna, Italy) AF(INAF – Osservatorio Astronomico di Palermo, Italy) AG(Dipartimento di Astronomia, Università di Padova, Italy) AH(Departamento de Astronomía, Universidad de Chile, Chile) AI(INAF – Osservatorio Astronomico di Bologna, Italy) AJ(INAF – Osservatorio Astronomico di Bologna, Italy) AK(INAF – Osservatorio Astronomico di Trieste, Italy) AL(INAF – Osservatorio Astronomico di Palermo, Italy) AM(ESO) AN(ESO) AO(INAF – Osservatorio Astronomico di Brera, Italy) AP(INAF – Osservatorio Astronomico di Bologna, Italy)
Abstract:
Open clusters are populous groups of stars whose members have the same age, chemical composition, and distance from the Sun. Hence, they provide homogeneous samples to investigate several important issues related to stellar and Galactic evolution. We present here an overview and preliminary results of a VLT/FLAMES programme aimed at a detailed study of seven old clusters. Our two main goals are the determination of the radial abundance gradients in the Galactic disc and their evolution with age, and the investigation of internal mixing processes in stars similar to our Sun.
References:
Freeman, K., and Bland-Hawthorn, J. 2002,
ARA&A 40, 487
Friel, E. 2005, in Chemical Abundances and Mixing
in Stars in the Milky Way and its Satellites,
L. Pasquini and S. Randich eds., ESO Astrophysics
Symposia, Springer, in press
Jones, B. F., Fisher, D., Soderblom, D. R. 1999,
AJ 117, 330
Pallavicini, R., Spanò, P., Prisinzano, L., Randich, S.,
and Sestito, P., 2005, in Chemical Abundances and
Mixing in Stars in the Milky Way and its Satellites,
L. Pasquini and S. Randich eds., ESO Astrophysics
Symposia, Springer, in press
Portinari, L., and Chiosi, C. 1999, A&A 350, 829
Prisinzano, L., Micela, G., Sciortino, S., Favata, F.
2004, A&A 417, 945
Randich, S. 2005, in Chemical Abundances and
Mixing in Stars in the Milky Way and its Satellites,
L. Pasquini and S. Randich eds., ESO Astrophysics
Symposia, Springer, in press
Romano, D., Tosi, M., Matteucci, F., Chiappini, C.
2005, MNRAS 346, 295
Tosi, M. 2000 in The Evolution of the Milky Way: Stars
versus Clusters, F. Matteucci and F. Giovannelli
eds. (Dordrecht: Kluwer), p. 505
Twarog, B. A., Ashman, K. M., Anthony-Twarog, B. J.
1997, AJ 114, 2556
23-28 (PDF)
W. Gieren et al.
Measuring Improved Distances to Nearby Galaxies: The Araucaria Project

ADS BibCode:
2005Msngr.121...23G
Section:
Reports from Observers
Author(s)/Affiliation(s):
Gieren, W.; Pietrzynski, G.; Bresolin, F.; Kudritzki, R.-P.; Minniti, D.; Urbaneja, M.; Soszynski, I.; Storm, J.; Fouque, P.; Bono, G.; Walker, A.; Garcia, J.
AA(Universidad de Concepción, Chile) AB(Universidad de Concepción, Chile) AC(Institute for Astronomy, Hawaii, USA) AD(Institute for Astronomy, Hawaii, USA) AE(Universidad Católica, Chile) AF(Institute for Astronomy, Hawaii, USA) AG(Universidad de Concepción, Chile) AH(Astrophysikalisches Institut Potsdam, Germany) AI(Observatoire Midi-Pyrénées, France) AJ(Osservatorio Astronomico di Roma, Italy) AK(Cerro Tololo Inter-American Observatory, Chile) AL(Universidad de Concepción, Chile)
Abstract:
An intense use of ESO telescopes over the past years has allowed us to make significant improvements in the characterization of stellar populations, and in the determination of the distances of nearby galaxies. We report on recent progress on the use of Cepheid variables and blue supergiant stars for the accurate measurement of galaxy distances. This work will finally lead to a significant reduction of the uncertainty on the Hubble constant, which measures the current rate of expansion of the Universe.
References:
Bresolin, F., Gieren, W., Kudritzki, R. P. et al. 2002,
ApJ 567, 277
Bresolin, F., Pietrzynski, G., Gieren, W., Kudritzki, R. P.
2005a, ApJ, in press
Bresolin, F., Schaerer, D., González-Delgado, R. M.,
Stasinska, G. 2005b, A&A, in press
Freedman, W. L. et al. 2001, ApJ 553, 47
Gieren, W., Pietrzynski, G., Walker, A. et al. 2004,
AJ 128, 1167
Gieren, W., Storm, J., Barnes III, T.G. et al. 2005a,
ApJ 627, 224
Gieren, W., Pietrzynski, G., Soszynski, I. et al. 2005b,
ApJ 628, 695
Kudritzki, R. P., Bresolin, F., Przybilla, N. 2003,
ApJ 582, L83
Persson, S. E., Madore, B. F., Krzeminski, W. et al.
2004, AJ 128, 2239
Pettini, M., Pagel, B. E. J. 2004, MNRAS 348, L59
Pietrzynski, G., Gieren, W., Fouqué, P., Pont, F. 2002,
AJ 123, 789
Pietrzynski, G., Gieren, W., Udalski, A. et al. 2004,
AJ 128, 2815
Sandage, A., Tammann, G. A., Reindl, B. 2004,
A&A 424, 43
Soszynski, I., Gieren, W., Pietrzynski, G. 2005,
PASP 117, 823
Udalski, A. 2000, AcA 50, 279
Urbaneja, M. A., Herrero, A., Bresolin, F. et al. 2005,
ApJ 622, 862
29-31 (PDF)
Celine Peroux et al.
Early Galaxy Evolution: Report on UVES Studies of a New Class of Quasar Absorbers

ADS BibCode:
2005Msngr.121...29P
Section:
Reports from Observers
Author(s)/Affiliation(s):
Peroux, Celine; Dessauges-Zavadsky, Miroslava; D'Odorico, Sandro; Kim, Tae Sun; McMahon, Richard G.
AA(ESO) AB(Observatoire de Genève, Switzerland) AC(ESO) AD(Institute of Astronomy, Cambridge University, United Kingdom) AE(Institute of Astronomy, Cambridge University, United Kingdom)
Abstract:
Distant galaxies can be studied using the imprints that their gaseous structures leave in the spectrum of a background quasar. These 'quasar absorbers' provide a measure of both the neutral gas and metallicity content of the Universe back to early cosmic times. A newly defined class of quasar absorbers, the sub-Damped Lyman-alpha Systems, have been studied for the first time using both the ESO archives and new UVES/VLT data. This review presents results from four years of research on these systems and emphasizes the scientific role played by the ever-growing ESO science archive.
References:
D’Odorico, S., Cristiani, S., Dekker, H., Hill, V., Kaufer,
A., Kim, T., and Primas, F. 2000, SPIE4005, 121
Ellison, S. L., Pettini, M., Churchill, C. W., Hook, I. M.,
Lopez, S., Rix, S. A., Shaver, P., Wall, J. V., and
Yan, L. 2003, The Messenger 113, 64
Péroux, C., Storrie-Lombardi, L., McMahon, R., Irwin,
M., and Hook, I. 2001, AJ 121, 1799
Péroux, C., McMahon, R., Storrie-Lombardi, L., and
Irwin, M. 2003a, MNRAS 346, 1103
Dessauges-Zavadsky, M., Péroux, C., Kim, T. S.,
D’Odorico, S., and McMahon, R. 2003,
MNRAS 345, 447
Péroux, C., Dessauges-Zavadsky, M., D'’Odorico, S.,
Kim,T. S., and McMahon, R. 2003b,
MNRAS 345, 480
Péroux, C., Dessauges-Zavadsky, M., D’Odorico, S.,
Kim,T .S., and McMahon, R., 2005, MNRAS,
in press, astro-ph/0507353
32-32 (PDF)
ESO
A New Einstein Ring

ADS BibCode:
2005Msngr.121...32.
Section:
Reports from Observers
Author(s)/Affiliation(s):
ESO
AA(ESO)
Abstract:
Using the VLT, Rémi Cabanac and colleagues1 have discovered a new and very impressive Einstein ring. This cosmic mirage, dubbed FOR J0332-3557, is seen towards the southern constellation Fornax (the Furnace), and is remarkable on at least two counts. First, it is a bright, almost complete Einstein ring. Second, it is the farthest of its type ever found.
33-37 (PDF)
M. Swinbank et al.
Resolved Spectroscopy of a z = 5 Gravitationally Lensed Galaxy with the VIMOS IFU

ADS BibCode:
2005Msngr.121...33S
Section:
Reports from Observers
Author(s)/Affiliation(s):
Swinbank, M.; Bower, R.; Smail, I.; Morris, S.; Smith, G.
AA(ICC, Department of Physics, University of Durham) AB(ICC, Department of Physics, University of Durham) AC(ICC, Department of Physics, University of Durham) AD(ICC, Department of Physics, University of Durham) AE(Caltech Astronomy)
Abstract:
We have used the VIMOS IFU to spatially resolve and study the star-forming, galactic superwinds and metal-enrichment properties in a highly magnified gravitationally lensed galaxy at z = 5 (i.e., seen when the Universe was only ~ 10 % of its current age). These results are allowing us to study galaxy formation and evolution in a level of detail never before possible and provide exciting possibilities for future studies of galaxies at these early times.
References:
Balogh et al. 2001, MNRAS 326, 1228
Bower et al. 2004, MNRAS 351, 63
Ellis et al. 2001, ApJ 560, 119
Gladders et al. 2002, AJ 123, 1
Shapley et al. 2003, ApJ 588, 65
Smail et al. 1996, ApJ 469, 508
Swinbank et al. 2003, ApJ 598, 162
Swinbank et al. 2005, MNRAS 359, 401
Wilman et al. 2005, Nature 436, 227
35-35 (PDF)
ESO
Farthest Known Gamma-Ray Burst

ADS BibCode:
2005Msngr.121...35.
Section:
Reports from Observers
Author(s)/Affiliation(s):
ESO
AA(ESO)
Abstract:
An Italian team of astronomers1 has used the VLT to observe the afterglow of a Gamma-ray burst that is the farthest known to date with a measured redshift of 6.3. “This also means that it is among the intrinsically brightest Gamma-ray bursts ever observed”, said Guido Chincarini from INAF-Osservatorio Astronomico di Brera and University of Milano-Bicocca (Italy) and leader of a team that studied the object with ESO’s Very Large Telescope. “Its luminosity is such that within a few minutes it must have released 300 times more energy than the Sun will release during its entire life of 10 000 million years.”
38-41 (PDF)
Matt J. Jarvis et al.
Surveying the High-Redshift Universe with the VIMOS IFU

ADS BibCode:
2005Msngr.121...38J
Section:
Reports from Observers
Author(s)/Affiliation(s):
Jarvis, Matt J.; van Breukelen, Caroline; Venemans, Bram P.; Wilman, Richard J.
AA(Astrophysics, Department of Physics, Oxford, United Kingdom) AB(Astrophysics, Department of Physics, Oxford, United Kingdom & Sterrewacht Leiden, The Netherlands) AC(Sterrewacht Leiden, The Netherlands) AD(Department of Physics, University of Durham, United Kingdom)
Abstract:
We present results from a new method of exploring the distant Universe. We use 3-D (integral-field) spectroscopy to sample a large cosmological volume at a time when the Universe was less than 3 billion years old to investigate the evolution of star-formation activity in the Universe. Within this study we also discovered an obscured accreting black hole at high redshift which would not have been identified with imaging studies alone. This highlights the crucial role that integral-field spectroscopy may play in surveying the distant Universe in the future.
References:
Ajiki M. et al. 2003, AJ 126, 2091
Hu E. M., Cowie L. L., McMahon R. G., Capak P.,
Iwamuro F., Kneib, J.-P., Maihara T., Motohara K.
2002, ApJ 568, 75
Jarvis M. J., van Breukelen C., Wilman R. J. 2005,
MNRAS 358, 11
Magorrian J. et al. 1998, AJ 115, 2285
Steidel C. C., Adelberger K. L., Shapley A. E., Pettini
M., Dickinson M., Giavalisco M. 2000, ApJ 532,
170
van Breukelen C., Jarvis M. J., Venemans B. P. 2005,
MNRAS 359, 895
Venemans B. P. et al. 2002, ApJ 569, 11
42-45 (PDF)
S. Lilly, The zCOSMOS Team
The zCOSMOS Redshift Survey

ADS BibCode:
2005Msngr.121...42L
Section:
Reports from Observers
Author(s)/Affiliation(s):
Lilly, S.; The zCOSMOS Team
AA(ETH, Zürich, Switzerland) AB(The zCOSMOS Team)
Abstract:
The last ten years have seen the opening up of dramatic new vistas of the furthest reaches of space and time - an exploration in which the VLT has played a major role. However, the work so far has been exploratory, and sampled only small and possibly unrepresentative volumes of the distant Universe. The next step is to bring to bear on a single large area of sky the full range of techniques that have been developed, using almost all of the most powerful observing facilities in the world. This next step is called COSMOS and the ESO VLT will make a major enabling contribution to this programme through the zCOSMOS survey being carried out with the VIMOS spectrograph.
References:
http://www.astro.caltech.edu /~cosmos;
http://www.exp-astro.phys.ethz.ch/zCOSMOS
46-47 (PDF)
ESO
Observing with the New High-Speed Camera ULTRACAM on Melipal

ADS BibCode:
2005Msngr.121...46.
Section:
Reports from Observers
Author(s)/Affiliation(s):
ESO
AA(ESO)
Abstract:
British astronomers1 have opened a new window on the Universe with the recent commissioning of the Visitor Instrument ULTRACAM on the VLT). ULTRACAM is an ultrafast camera capable of capturing some of the most rapid astronomical events. It can take up to 500 pictures a second in three different colours simultaneously. It has been designed and built by scientists from the Universities of Sheffield and Warwick (United Kingdom), in collaboration with the UK Astronomy Technology Centre in Edinburgh.

Telescopes and Instrumentation

48-49 (PDF)
T. Wilson
ALMA News

ADS BibCode:
2005Msngr.121...48W
Section:
Telescopes and Instrumentation
Author(s)/Affiliation(s):
Wilson, T.
AA(ESO)
Abstract:
The antennas are the largest single item in the ALMA budget. Thus the status of antenna procurement is of the highest importance for the project. Associated Universities Inc/NRAO have been given ALMA Board approval and permission by the US National Science Foundation to procure their antennas. On July 11, they signed a contract with VertexRSI for up to 32 antennas for ALMA. ESO is moving ahead with its antenna procurement as quickly as possible. The Joint ALMA Office is leading the rebaselining (a reassessment of project costs). This is proceeding at full speed. There will be discussions of both the rebaselining and antenna procurement issues at the next meetings of the ESO Council to be held in September.
50-51 (PDF)
J. Eschwey
ALMA Site Development

ADS BibCode:
2005Msngr.121...50E
Section:
Telescopes and Instrumentation
Author(s)/Affiliation(s):
Eschwey, J.
AA(ESO)
Abstract:
In the remote Atacama Desert, some 30 km South of the budding tourist hub of San Pedro de Atacama, the next giant leap for the world’s astronomical community is under way. Nestled at approximately 2 900 metres above sea level amid the rolling foothills of the Andean Plateau the facility for the OSF (Operation Support Facility) base camp is complete, and we are overseeing the initial earthwork for the Technical Area Buildings.
52-55 (PDF)
M. Cullum
Technology Transfer at ESO

ADS BibCode:
2005Msngr.121...52C
Section:
Telescopes and Instrumentation
Author(s)/Affiliation(s):
Cullum, M.
AA(ESO)
Abstract:
Technology Transfer has become an important theme for the European Commission as a means of promoting innovation and competitiveness within European industry. It is also an area where organisations like ESO, that are engaged in developing highly advanced research facilities, can and do make significant contributions. This article discussed some of the processes involved in Technology Transfer and provides several examples of technological innovations developed by ESO in-house and through its procurement activities.

Other Astronomical News

56-58 (PDF)
F. Kerber, O. Hainaut
ESA-ESO Working Group on extra-solar Planets

ADS BibCode:
2005Msngr.121...56K
Section:
Other Astronomical News
Author(s)/Affiliation(s):
Kerber, F.; Hainaut, O.
AA(ST-ECF) AB(ESO)
Abstract:
The ESA-ESO working group on extrasolar planets was the first of a number of such groups to make a careful analysis of scientific fields that are of interest to both ESA and ESO. The groups also make recommendations for the development of the fields facilitating coordinated planning between the two leading European organisations advancing astronomy from the ground and from space.
56-56 (PDF)
R. A. E. Fosbury
The ESA-ESO Topical Science Working Groups

ADS BibCode:
2005Msngr.121...56F
Section:
Other Astronomical News
Author(s)/Affiliation(s):
Fosbury, R. A. E.
AA(ST-ECF)
Abstract:
Starting in September 2003, ESO and ESA have now held two science planning coordination meetings in order to ensure that there remains a joint awareness of potential future synergies or missed opportunities on the ground or in space. The meetings were attended by the chairs (or representatives) of the scientific advisory committees and by the executives of both organisations. The initiative was taken with the realisation that the two organisations are serving essentially the same scientific communities and share common scientific goals.
59-60 (PDF)
I. Robson, L. L. Christensen
Report on the ESO-ESA-IAU Conference Communicating Astronomy with the Public 2005

ADS BibCode:
2005Msngr.121...59R
Section:
Other Astronomical News
Author(s)/Affiliation(s):
Robson, I.; Christensen, L. L.
AA(UK Astronomy Technology Centre, UK) AB(Hubble European Space Agency Information Centre, Germany)
Abstract:
Over one hundred astronomers, public information officers, planetarium specialists and image-processing gurus descended on ESO Garching in June for CAP 2005 – Communicating Astronomy with the Public 2005. This was the third international conference addressing astronomy outreach; the previous venues being La Palma and Washington DC. The main aim was to bring together the specialists from the various strands of astronomy undertaking outreach in the broadest sense. The four-day conference was a resounding success, much was achieved and the work of ESO was better appreciated (especially from the non- European perspective) through a tour of the facility. Some of the highlights of the local environs were much enjoyed through the conference dinner at the Deutsche Museum’s aviation museum “Flugwerft Schleißheim” – (including cockpit tours of an F4 Phantom) and a splendid (and well liquid refreshed) evening at the Augustinerkeller, one of the largest Munich Biergartens.
60-61 (PDF)
P. Padovani, M. Dolensky
Report on the ESO Workshop on Virtual Observatory Standards and Systems for Data Centres and Large Projects

ADS BibCode:
2005Msngr.121...60P
Section:
Other Astronomical News
Author(s)/Affiliation(s):
Padovani, P.; Dolensky, M.
AA(ESO) AB(ESO)
Abstract:
The Virtual Observatory (VO) is an innovative, evolving system, which will allow users to interrogate multiple data centres in a seamless and transparent way, to best utilise astronomical data. New science will be enabled, moving astronomy beyond “classical” identification by allowing the characterisation of the properties of very faint sources by using all the available information.
62-63 (PDF)
P. Shaver
Report on the EPS-ESA-ESO-CERN Conference onRelativity, Matter and Cosmology

ADS BibCode:
2005Msngr.121...62S
Section:
Other Astronomical News
Author(s)/Affiliation(s):
Shaver, P.
AA(ESO)
Abstract:
This year the joint ESA-ESO-CERN symposium was held in conjunction with the European Physical Society, on the occasion of the Centennial of Einstein’s annus mirabilis and the World Year of Physics. It took place on July 11–14 in Bern, where Einstein wrote his famous papers in 1905, and was part of a wide range of events to celebrate the centennial.
63-64 (PDF)
E. Janssen
ESO Public Activities in July 2005

ADS BibCode:
2005Msngr.121...63J
Section:
Other Astronomical News
Author(s)/Affiliation(s):
Janssen, E.
AA(ESO)
Abstract:
The month of July is, in many parts of Europe, considered to be a relatively “quiet time” of the year with many millions of people away on summer vacation. Not so for ESO’s Public Affairs Department. The month began with a series of press activities around the Deep Impact event and included several press conferences at the ESO Headquarters (mostly at odd hours!), video press conferences with Paranal, La Silla and ESTEC in the Netherlands, live TV transmissions from ESO Garching as well as from Paranal, etc.
64-65 (PDF)
G. Argandona, F. Mirabel
Public Information and Education in Chile

ADS BibCode:
2005Msngr.121...64A
Section:
Other Astronomical News
Author(s)/Affiliation(s):
Argandona, G.; Mirabel, F.
AA(ESO) AB(ESO)
Abstract:
One of the initiatives of ESO in Chile is the strengthening of the links with Chilean and Latin American media, to provide the information needed to educate the public in Latin America on the latest advancements in astronomy and astrophysics. This initiative has produced a considerable increase in the media coverage of ESO science activities, as described in Figure 1, which shows the evolution in the number of media publications in Chile on recent achievements at ESO.
66-68 (PDF)
G. Miley et al.
Universe Awareness for Young Children

ADS BibCode:
2005Msngr.121...66M
Section:
Other Astronomical News
Author(s)/Affiliation(s):
Miley, G.; Madsen, C.; Scorza de Appl, C.
AA(Leiden University) AB(ESO) AC(University of Heidelberg)
Abstract:
Universe Awareness (UNA) is an international programme that will expose economically-disadvantaged young children, between ages 4 and 10 years, in developed and developing countries to the inspirational aspects of modern astronomy.
68-69 (PDF)
C. Cesarsky
Catherine Cesarsky Elected Member of Academies of Sciences

ADS BibCode:
2005Msngr.121...68C
Section:
Other Astronomical News
Author(s)/Affiliation(s):
Cesarsky, C.
AA(ESO)
Abstract:
On April 20, 2004, the US National Academy of Sciences selected 72 new members and 18 foreign associates from 13 countries, including Dr. Catherine Cesarsky, ESO’s Director General. This brought the total number of active members to 1949, including 351 foreign associates.
69-69 (PDF)
C. Foellmi, M. Wold
Fellows at ESO

ADS BibCode:
2005Msngr.121...69F
Section:
Other Astronomical News
Author(s)/Affiliation(s):
Foellmi, C.; Wold, M.
AA(ESO) AB(ESO)
Abstract:
Cédric Foellmi; Margrethe Wold

Announcements

70-70 (PDF)
ESO
Latin American Astronomy Summer School 70

ADS BibCode:
2005Msngr.121R..70.
Section:
Announcements
Author(s)/Affiliation(s):
ESO
AA(ESO)
Abstract:
ESO – the European Organisation for Astronomical Research in the Southern Hemisphere – and the Sociedad Chilena de Astronomía (SOCHIAS) are organising a Latin American Astronomy Summer School. It will take place from December 8–10, 2005, the week before the Regional Meeting of the International Astronomical Union to be held on December 12–16, 2005 in Pucon, Chile (~ 800 km South of Santiago).
70-70 (PDF)
ESO
International Conference on Relativistic Astrophysics and Cosmology -- Einstein's Legacy

ADS BibCode:
2005Msngr.121Q..70.
Section:
Announcements
Author(s)/Affiliation(s):
ESO
AA(ESO)
Abstract:
100 years ago Albert Einstein published three seminal papers on the theories of special relativity, of the photoelectric effect and of Brownian motion, which made the world call the year 1905 the miraculous year. Together with Einstein’s theory of general relativity fundamental building blocks were provided for modern astrophysics and cosmology and can thus be considered as a true legacy to mankind.
71-71 (PDF)
ESO
ESO – European Organisation for Astronomical Research in the Southern Hemisphere

ADS BibCode:
2005Msngr.121R..71.
Section:
Announcements
Author(s)/Affiliation(s):
ESO
AA(ESO)
71-72 (PDF)
ESO
Personnel Movements

ADS BibCode:
2005Msngr.121Q..71.
Section:
Announcements
Author(s)/Affiliation(s):
ESO
AA(ESO)

72-72 (PDF)
ESO
Contents

ADS BibCode:
2005Msngr.121...72.
Author(s)/Affiliation(s):
ESO
AA(ESO)