Adaptive Optics Near Infrared System (COME ON/COME ON+)
ADONIS is the evolution of the instruments COME ON and COME ON+. They were used to demonstrate that ground-based telescopes could correct for the distortions in the images caused by atmospheric turbulence. Moreover, this three-stage evolution instrument showed that a VLT AO system was feasible.
The idea behind the instrument was simple, but revolutionary in the 1980s: Real-time analysis and correction of the distortion of the stars. The information was obtained by ADONIS thanks to a series of lenslets. This lenslets were used to create individual stars images. The differences in each image were detected and compared. Then this data was used to control the shape of a small flexible mirror, which was moved by actuators — just like in active optics, another technology created by ESO. These movements applied to the small flexible mirror “neutralised” the distortion of the atmosphere.
At the beginning, COME ON had 19 actuators and performed corrections of the mirror 100 times per second. COME ON+ added more actuators (52) and doubled the speed of the corrections. The next step was a series of upgrades to the software and hardware, but for the developers the most important thing was to have a system with no specialist operator on site, and ADONIS achieved that goal.
Science highlights with ADONIS
- Observations of low-mass eclipsing system in Orion (eso0133)
- Discovery of a circumstellar disk in the Lagoon Nebula (eso9708)
- ADONIS used to help discover that new 'moons' of Saturn may actually be transient objects (eso9603)
- Discovery of new comet named Hale-Bopp (eso9520)
The authoritative technical specifications as offered for astronomical observations are available from the Science Operations page.