Abstracts 2006

December

December 1, 11:30 hr: James SILVESTER (Royal Military College & Queen's University, Kingston, Canada & ESO Visiting Student)
Ap stars in open clusters and future high precision studies of field Ap stars

December 1, 16:30 hr: Prof. Alain OMONT (Institut d'Astrophysique de Paris, France)
Millimeter detection of Spitzer selected hyperluminous infrared starburst galaxies
PRESENTATION

December 4, 16:30 hr: Dr. Marc SEIGAR (UC Irvine, Center for Cosmology, USA)
Constraining Dark Matter Halo Profiles and Galaxy Formation Models Using Spiral Arm Morphology
PRESENTATION

December 6, 16:30 hr: Dr. Andreas REISENEGGER (Pontificia Universidad Catolica de Chile & ESO Visiting Scientist)
Superclusters as future “island universes” - the case of Shapley
PRESENTATION

December 7, 16:30 hr: Dr. Neil NAGAR (Universidad de Concepcion, Chile)
Supermassive Black Hole Growth: The Balance between Accretion and Outflow

December 13, 16:30 hr: Dr. Jorge MELNICK (ESO)
ESO Greatest Hits 2006
PRESENTATION

December 14, 16:30 hr: Dr. Jeffrey McCLINTOCK (Harvard College Observatory, USA)
The Spin of the Near-Extreme Kerr Black Hole GRS 1915+105
ESO/PUC/UChile Joint Astrophysical Seminar

December 19, 16:30 hr: Dr. Tom HARRISON (New Mexico State University, USA)
Cataclysmic Variable Research at New Mexico State University
PRESENTATION

December 20, 16:30 hr: Dr. Hughes SANA (ESO)
NGC 6231: a young open cluster under X-rays
PRESENTATION


November

November 2, 16:30 hr: Dr. Jorick VINK (Keele University, Staffordshire, UK)
Massive star feedback - from the first stars to the present
PRESENTATION

November 8, 16:45 hr: Claus MADSEN & Gonzalo ARGANDOÑA (ESO)
To b/e communicate or not to be – Thoughts about ESO Public Communication

November 14, 15:00 - 17:00 hr: Prof. Bernard FORT (IAP, France & ESO Visiting Scientist)
Lecture 1: Strong lensing
PRESENTATION

November 15, 16:30 hr: Dr. Marceau LIMOUSIN (Dark Cosmology Centre, Niels Bohr Institute & ESO Visiting Scientist)
Mapping Dark Matter in Galaxy Clusters: From Weak Galaxy-Galaxy lensing to Cluster lensing

November 16, 15:00 - 17:00 hr: Prof. Bernard FORT (IAP, France & ESO Visiting Scientist)
Lecture 2: Weak lensing
PRESENTATION

November 22, 11:30 hr: Dr. Françoise DELPLANCKE (VLTI Group Head, ESO/Garching)
Phase-Referenced Imaging and Micro-arcsecond Astrometry: scientific rationals, technical challenges and operational specificities

November 22, 16:30 hr: Prof. Bernard FORT (IAP, France & ESO Visiting Scientist)
The CFHT Strong Lensing Legacy Survey (SL2S)
PRESENTATION
ESO/PUC/UChile Joint Astrophysical Seminar

November 23, 9:00-14:15 (Coordinator: Andreas Reisenegger)
SCIENCE DAYS

November 24, 15:00 - 17:00 hr: Dr. Richard TOWNSEND (Bartol Research Institute, University of Delaware, USA & ESO Visiting Scientist)
Lecture 1: A Practical Introduction to Stellar Nonradial Oscillations
PRESENTATION

November 27, 15:00 - 17:00 hr: Dr. Richard TOWNSEND (Bartol Research Institute, University of Delaware, USA & ESO Visiting Scientist)
Lecture 2: A Practical Introduction to Stellar Nonradial Oscillations
PRESENTATION

November 28, 16:30 hr: Dr. Sylvain CHATY (SAp, CEA/Saclay, France& ESO Visiting Scientist)
How to reveal mysteries of the most highly obscured sources of our Galaxy?
PRESENTATION

November 29, 16:30 hr: Dr. Richard TOWNSEND (Bartol Research Institute, University of Delaware, USA & ESO Visiting Scientist)
Magnetic Channeling and Confinement in the Hypersonic Winds of Massive, Luminous Stars
PRESENTATION

November 30, 16:30 hr: Dr. Roland BACON (Observatoire de Lyon, CNRS, Université Claude-Bernard Lyon I, Ecole Normale Supérieure de Lyon)
The VLT Multi Unit Spectroscopic Explorer (MUSE): scientific driver and instrument design
PRESENTATION


October

October 3, 16:30 hr: Dr. Christian COUTURES (Institut d'Astrophysique de Paris, France)
2005-BLG-390 and the new microlensing planets
PRESENTATION

October 11, 18:00: Dr. José G. FUNES, S.J. (Director of the Vatican Observatory)
Ciencia y Fé: Dos Aventuras del Espíritu

October 19, 16:30: Prof. Donald LYNDEN-BELL (Inst. of Astronomy & Clare College, Cambridge, UK & ESO Visiting Scientist)
Why Jets?

October 23, 15:00-17:00: Dr. Andreas REISENEGGER (PUC & ESO Visiting Scientist)
Lecture on Neutron Stars.
1: Basics
- History: prediction of neutron stars, discovery of pulsars, how we know they are neutron stars
- Theory: Degenerate fermions, weak interaction equilibrium, equation of state, white dwarfs vs. neutron stars, Chandrasekhar limit, possible exotic forms of matter, neutron star structure
PRESENTATION

October 24, 11:30: Dr. Jianlin CAO (Vice President, Chinese Academy of Sciences)
A Brief Introduction of the Chinese Academy of Sciences and Some Astronomical Projects

October 24, 14:00-16:00: Dr. Andreas REISENEGGER (PUC & ESO Visiting Scientist)
Lecture on Neutron Stars.
2: Phenomenology
- Classical and millisecond pulsars, high-mass and low-mass X-ray binaries, magnetars, thermal emitters, "RRATs"
- What can be observed, how physical properties can be inferred, what are the similarities, differences, and connections among all these objects
PRESENTATION

October 25, 9:00-17:00 (Coordinator: Andreas Reisenegger)
SCIENCE DAYS

October 26, 11:30: Prof. Gopal KRISHNA (NCRA, Tata Inst. of Fundamental Research, Pune, India & ESO Visiting Scientist)
Bulk speeds of the relativistic jets of Active Galactic Nuclei (Part I)

October 26, 15:00-17:00: Dr. Andreas REISENEGGER (PUC & ESO Visiting Scientist)
Lecture on Neutron Stars.
3: Thermal evolution
- cooling processes in young neutron stars: neutrino and photon emission, direct vs. modified Urca processes, effects of superfluidity and different equations of state, observational constraints
- heating processes in old neutron stars: crust cracking, vortex motion, rotochemical and gravitochemical heating, constraints on variations of the gravitational constant
PRESENTATION

October 27, 11:30: Prof. Gopal KRISHNA (NCRA, Tata Inst. of Fundamental Research, Pune, India & ESO Visiting Scientist)
Bulk speeds of the relativistic jets of Active Galactic Nuclei (Part II)

October 27, 15:00-17:00: Dr. Andreas REISENEGGER (PUC & ESO Visiting Scientist)
Lecture on Neutron Stars.
4: Magnetic field
- the origin of the magnetic field, possible connections to main sequence stars and white dwarfs
- magnetic field evolution: magnetars, young vs. old neutron stars, physical processes in isolated and accreting neutron stars
PRESENTATION


September

September 6, 16:30 hr: Dr. Félix MIRABEL (ESO, Chile)
Black Holes in the Universe. Concluding Remarks of IAU Symposium 238.


August

August 2, 16:30 hr: Dr. Bruno SICARDY (Observatoire de Paris, France & ESO Visiting Scientist)
Stellar occultations by Solar System objects

August 9, 16:30 hr: Dr. Bruno SICARDY (Observatoire de Paris, France & ESO Visiting Scientist)
Planetary ring dynamics from the Cassini mission standpoint

August 17, 16:30 hr: Dr. Rachel GILMOUR (ESO, Chile)
How to start an AGN: The role of host galaxy environment
PRESENTATION

August 23, 16:30 hr: Dr.Lodovico COCCATO (Kapteyn Institute, Groningen, The Netherlands)
Gaseous bidimensional velocity fields of spiral galaxies with VLT/VIMOS Integral Field Unit

(video-link (seeandshare) to La-Silla)
PRESENTATION

August 24, 16:30 hr: Dr.Sandra SAVAGLIO (MPE Garching)
Gamma-Ray Bursts as Cosmological Probes — Cosmic Chemical Evolution
(video-link (seeandshare) to La-Silla)
PRESENTATION

August 28, 16:30 hr: Uta GROTHKOPF (ESO/Garching Library)
Use of Telescope Statistics by Observatories -- Publications, Citations, and the H Index
PRESENTATION

August 30, 16:30 hr: Dr. Riccardo SCARPA (ESO, Chile)
Testing Newton's law of gravity with globular clusters. New results for NGC 7099 and NGC 288
(video-link (seeandshare) to La-Silla and vidcon to Gemini)


July

July 5, 16:30 hr: Dr. Rami REKOLA (Tuorla Observatory, VISPA, University of Turku, Finland)
Redefining the Extended Local Group
PRESENTATION

July 13, 16:30 hr: Dr. Yazan MOMANY (Osservatorio Astronomico di Padova, Italy & ESO Visiting Scientist)
The outer structure of the Milky Way stellar disk and the Canis Major over-density debate

July 17, 16:30 hr: Ovidiu VADUVESCU (UKZN & SAAO, South Africa)
Infrared Properties of Star Forming Dwarf Galaxies
PRESENTATION

July 19, 16:30 hr: Dr. Christian HUMMEL (ESO, Chile)
Rapid rotation of a standard: the Vega puzzle resolved

July 26, 16:30 hr: Dr. Grzegorz PIETRZYNSKI (Universidad de Concepción, Chile & Warsaw University Observatory, Poland)
The Araucaria project - improving stellar distance indicators


June

June 1, 16:30 hr: Prof. Tom WILSON (Max-Planck-Institut für Radioastronomie, Bonn / ALMA European Project Scientist)
Lecture 3 on Radio Astronomy.
Summary:Review of Lecture 2. More Diffraction. Two Element Interferometer. Flux Density and main beam brightness temperature. Continuum Radiation. Free-free. Synchrotron. S-Z Effect
PRESENTATION

June 6, 16:30 hr: Prof. Tom WILSON (Max-Planck-Institut für Radioastronomie, Bonn / ALMA European Project Scientist)
Lecture 4 on Radio Astronomy.
Summary:Review of Lectures 2 and 3. Atoms. HI line. CI and CII lines. Radio Recombination Lines
PRESENTATION

June 7, 16:30 hr: Prof. Donald W. KURTZ (University of Central Lancashire, Preston, UK)
Asteroseismology: The Real Music of the Spheres
PRESENTATION

June 8, 16:30 hr: Prof. Tom WILSON (Max-Planck-Institut für Radioastronomie, Bonn / ALMA European Project Scientist)
Lecture 5 on Radio Astronomy.
Summary:Review of Lecture 4. Born Oppenheimer Approximation. Diatomic Molecules. Symmetric Top Molecules. Asymmetric Top Molecules. Examples: Ammonia, Water Vapor, Formaldehyde, Methanol. Molecular Clouds: Masses, motions, structures
PRESENTATION

June 13, 16:30 hr: Florian KERBER & Paul BRISTOW (ESO, Garching)
Physical Modelling of Instruments
PRESENTATION

June 14, 16:30 hr: Dr. Hans-Ulrich KAUFL (ESO, Garching)
The frequency comb: What is it, and why should astronomers care

June 21, 16:30 hr: Dr. Guido DE MARCHI(ESA, Noordwijk, The Netherlands)
Dissolving globular clusters: the fate of M12
PRESENTATION

June 27, 16:30 hr: Dr. Morten ANDERSEN(Steward Observatory, USA)
Is the Initial Mass function universal? Results from near infrared imaging of young star clusters
PRESENTATION

June 28, 16:30 hr: Dr. Marc MONIEZ(Laboratoire de l'Accelerateur Lineaire, Orsay, France)
The OSER project
PRESENTATION


May

May 4, 16:30 hr: Dr. Matthias SCHREIBER (Universidad de Valparaíso, Chile)
Towards a global understanding of close binary evolution from SDSS/SEGUE white dwarf/main sequence binaries
(video-link (seeandshare) to Paranal)
PRESENTATION

May 22, 16:30 hr: Dr. Jill RATHBORNE (Institute for Astrophysical Research, Boston University)
Infrared Dark Clouds: precursors to star clusters
PRESENTATION

May 24, 16:30 hr: Dr. Rainer SCHÖDEL (I. Physikalisches Institut Universität zu Köln, Germany)
High-resolution NIR observations of the Galactic Center

May 25, 16:30 hr: Prof. Tom WILSON (Max-Planck-Institut für Radioastronomie, Bonn / ALMA European Project Scientist)
Science with ALMA (Atacama Large Millimeter Array)
(video-link (seeandshare) to La Silla)
PRESENTATION

May 29, 16:30 hr: Prof. Tom WILSON (Max-Planck-Institut für Radioastronomie, Bonn / ALMA European Project Scientist)
Lecture 1 on Radio Astronomy.
Summary:Introduction to Radio Astronomy. History. Sources. Effects of the atmosphere. Black Body Radiation. Radiative Transfer. Calibration of receivers. Heterodyne receivers. Noise. Mixer Receivers. Spectrometers. Bolometers
PRESENTATION

May 30, 16:30 hr: Prof. Tom WILSON (Max-Planck-Institut für Radioastronomie, Bonn / ALMA European Project Scientist)
Lecture 2 on Radio Astronomy.
Summary:Review of Lecture 1. Diffraction and angular resolution. Calibration for millimeter waves. Error Beams. Baseline Ripples. Observing Strategies
PRESENTATION


April

April 13, 11:30 hr: Iryna YEGOROVA (SISSA, Trieste, Italy)
The differential Tully-Fisher relation for spiral galaxies
(video-link (seeandshare) to La Silla)
PRESENTATION

April 13, 16:30 hr: Dr. Paul VAN DER WERF (Leiden Observatory & ESO Visiting Scientist)
Starburst galaxies at low and high redshift
(video-link (seeandshare) to La Silla)
PRESENTATION

April 17, 11:30 hr: Dr. Nicolas BOUCHE (MPI für extraterrestrische Physik)
Do MgII absorbers probe galaxy outflows?

April 26, 16:30 hr: Dr. Danilo MARCHESINI (Yale University, USA)
Rest-frame optical luminosity function at z>2 from the MUSYC survey


March

March 1, 16:30 hr: Dr.Olivier CHESNEAU (Obs. de la Cote-d'Azur, France & ESO Visiting Scientist)
High spatial resolution observations of evolved stars losing mass
PRESENTATION
(video-link (seeandshare) to Paranal)

March 2, 16:30 hr: Dr. Roberto MIGNANI (Mullard Space Science Laboratories, UK & ESO Visiting Scientist)

Science with virtual observatories - a pilot case
PRESENTATION
(Phone connection to Sequitor )

March 6, 16:30 hr: Prof. Yudong Zhang and Dr. Changhui Rao (Institute of Optics and Electronics, Chinese Academy of Sciences)
Adaptative Optics at the Institute of Optics and Electronics, Chinese Academy of Sciences
PRESENTATION
Progress in the development of an 1.8m Telescope with 127-elements Adaptive Optics at the Institute of Optics and Electronics , Chinese Academy of Sciences
PRESENTATION
(video-link (seeandshare) to La Silla)

March 8, 16:30 hr: Dr. Ben ZUCKERMAN (University of California, Los Angeles, USA & ESO Visiting Scientist)
Why SETI Will Fail
PRESENTATION
(video-link (seeandshare) to La Silla & Paranal)

March 9, 16:30 hr: Dr. Joris GERSSEN (Potsdam, Germany)
IFU observations of high-z galaxies: constraining superwinds and feedback
PRESENTATION

March 13, 16:30 hr: Dr. Jari KOTILAINEN (Tuorla Observatory, Finland)
Coevolution of supermassive black holes and their host galaxies
PRESENTATION

March 14, 11:30 hr: Prof. Dr. Reinhard GENZEL (MPI für Extraterrestrische Physik, Garching, Germany & UCB)
Dynamics of z~2 galaxies
(video-link (seeandshare) to La Silla & Paranal)

March 14, 16:30 hr: Dr. Steve HOWELL (WIYN Observatory & NOAO,USA & ESO Visiting Scientist)
Detection of the onset of chromospheric activity on a substellar mass star
PRESENTATION
(video-link (seeandshare) to La Silla)

March 15, 16:30 hr: Prof. Dr. Pavel KROUPA (Argelander Institute for Astronomy, University of Bonn, Germany & ESO Visiting Scientist)
The origin and nature of dSph satellite galaxies
PRESENTATION

March 21, 16:30 hr: Prof. Hans OLOFSSON (Stockholm University, Sweden and APEX Director)
A multi-wavelength study of highly episodic stellar mass loss on the AGB
PRESENTATION

March 22, 16:30 hr: Dr. Atsuo OKAZAKI (Faculty of Engineering, Hokkai-Gakuen University, Sapporo, Japan & ESO Visiting Scientist)
Decretion disk dynamics in binary Be stars
PRESENTATION


February

February 1, 11:30 hr: Dr. Cedric FOELLMI (ESO, Chile)
The nice story of the distance of GRO J1655-40
PRESENTATION
(video-link (seeandshare) to La Silla & Paranal)

February 1, 16:30 hr: Dr. Ignacio NEGUERUELA (Universidad de Alicante, Spain)
Westerlund 1, starburst in our backyard
PRESENTATION

February 2, 16:30 hr: Dr. Sonia FORNASIER (CISAS, Astronomy Dept. of Padova University & ESO Visiting Scientist)
Rosetta mission: Investigation on the physical properties of its asteroidal targets and description of the Wide Angle Camera of the Osiris imaging system

February 7, 16:30 hr: Eric LERNER (Lawrenceville Plasma Physics, NJ, US & ESO Visiting Scientist)
Evidence for a Non-Expanding Universe: Surface Brightness Data From HUDF
(video-link (seeandshare) to Paranal)
PRESENTATION

February 9, 16:30 hr: Prof. Jacek KRELOWSKI (Centrum Astronomii UMK, Torun, Poland)
Absorption spectra of HI interstellar clouds
PRESENTATION

February 13, 16:30 hr: Dr. Christian GRISOLIA (Plasma-Wall Integration Division Program Manager, Task Force Leader for JET Fusion Technology, CEA, Cadarache, France)
Controlled nuclear fusion & the ITER project

February 15, 16:30 hr: Prof. Jean SURDEJ (University of Liège, Belgium & ESO Visiting Scientist)
Gravitational lensing
PRESENTATION

February 16, 16:30 hr: Dr. Paolo MOLARO (Obs. de Paris, France, Osserv. Astronomico di Trieste-INAF, Italy)
The CODEX experiment at OWL
PRESENTATION

February 21, 16:30 hr: Dr. Gianluca ISRAEL (Oss. Astron. di Roma-INAF & ESO Visiting Scientist)
MMIV: de SGR1806-20 Anno Mirabili
(video-link (seeandshare) to Paranal)

February 22, 16:30 hr: Dr. Ben ZUCKERMAN (University of California, Los Angeles, USA & ESO Visiting Scientist)
Dusty Circumstellar Disks: From IRAS to Spitzer
PRESENTATION
(video-link (seeandshare) to La Silla & Paranal)

February 24, 16:30 hr: Dr. Henry LEE (University of Minnesota, USA)
The Infrared Luminosity-Metallicity Relation for Dwarf Irregular Galaxies in the Local Volume
(video-link (seeandshare) to Paranal)

February 27, 16:30 hr: Carlo IZZO (ESO, Garching)
Proposal for a self-calibrating and instrument- independent MOS-DRS
PRESENTATION
The VIMOS IFU pipeline
PRESENTATION
(video-link (seeandshare) to Paranal)

February 28, 16:30 hr: Dr. Patrick PETITJEAN (Institut d'Astrophysique de Paris & ESO Visiting Scientist)
Metals at high redshift revealed by QSO Absorption lines
PRESENTATION


January

January 5, 16:30 hr: Dr. Pablo RODRIGUEZ (Instituto de Astrofísica de Canarias, Spain & ESO Visiting Scientist)
The SW Sextantis stars and the evolution of cataclysmic variables
PRESENTATION
(video-link (seeandshare) to Paranal)

January 18, 11:30 hr: Dr. Peter PESSEV (STScI, Baltimore, MD, USA)
2MASS Photometry of Magellanic Clouds Star Clusters and Implications to SSP Models
PRESENTATION
(video-link (seeandshare) to La Silla)

January 18, 16:30 hr: Dr. Eric DEPAGNE (ESO, Chile)
UV, visible, IR. What's up dOc?

January 25, 16:30 hr: Dr. Renato FALOMO (Padova Observatory, Italy & ESO Visiting Scientist)
The cosmic evolution of quasar hosts
PRESENTATION
(video-link (seeandshare) to La Silla)

January 27, 16:30 hr: Dr. Radostin KURTEV (Depto. de Física y Meteorología, Facultad de Ciencias, Universidad de Valparaíso & ESO Visiting Scientist)
Red Giant Branch stars in the near-infrared color magnitude diagrams in the Magellanic Clouds
PRESENTATION