Constraining the cosmological parameters

Current observational constraints on the cosmic density of all matter including dark matter (Ωm) and the dark energy (ΩΛ) relative to the density of a critical-density Universe (i.e., an expanding Universe which approaches zero expansion asymptotically after an infinite time and has a flat geometry). All three observational tests by means of supernovae (green), the cosmic microwave background (blue) and galaxy clusters converge at a Universe around Ωm ~ 0.3 and ΩΛ ~ 0.7. The dark red region for the galaxy cluster determination corresponds to 95% certainty (2-sigma statistical deviation) when assuming good knowledge of all other cosmological parameters, and the light red region assumes a minimum knowledge. For the supernovae and WMAP results, the inner and outer regions corespond to 68% (1-sigma) and 95% certainty, respectively. References: Schuecker et al. 2003, A&A, 398, 867 (REFLEX); Tonry et al. 2003, ApJ, 594, 1 (supernovae); Riess et al. 2004, ApJ, 607, 665 (supernovae)



About the Image

Release date:3 June 2004
Related releases:eso0419
Size:2480 x 3070 px

About the Object

Name:Dark energy, Dark Matter, Universe
Type:Unspecified : Cosmology : Phenomenon : Dark Matter

Image Formats

Large JPEG
120.4 KB
Screensize JPEG
149.5 KB


Also see our