20 February 2014
Beginning of 2014, SCOAP3 (the Sponsoring Consortium for Open Access Publishing in Particle Physics) started operations.
All articles funded by SCOAP3 appear in their repository upon publication. Several formats are available, including PDF, PDF/A and XML. Articles are published under a CC-BY license and can be freely downloaded and further disseminated.
The scope of the SCOAP3 repository is neither to duplicate arXiv nor the publisher platforms. It is rather a staging platform, for further distribution of information.
Among the journals currently provided by SCOAP3 are the European Physical Journal C, the Journal of Cosmology and Astroparticle Physics (JCAP), and the New Journal of Physics. A full listing is available at http://repo.scoap3.org/.
18 February 2014
Prompted by a recent enquiry, we had a closer look at a new open access website: ScienceOpen.
This "research and publishing network" aims at providing a platform to find OA content (free of charge) and publish research papers (for a fee of currently US$ 800). Their special focus is on public post-publication peer-review, commenting and rating of articles which they enable by offering online space and tools.
In order to populate their website with content, ScienceOpen aggregates OA articles from various sources, including astro-ph/arXiv. Hence, don't be surprised to find references to manuscripts which you submitted to astro-ph. However, they only list the metadata (authors, title, abstract, arXiv ID, etc.) and link to the original eprint server for access to the fulltexts.
ScienceOpen was founded in 2013 and is currently in beta version; more information can be found on their FAQ page.
8 January 2014
We are sad to forward this artcile from the New York Times: "Halton C. Arp, astronomer who challenged Big Bang theory, dies at 86."
The NYT article is available at http://nyti.ms/1cKEW2Y
7 January 2014
The AAS and IOP Publishing, publisher of the ApJ and AJ, have announced the launch of the Astronomy Image Explorer (AIE), a new tool to easily find and download images and other media published in AAS journals. Users are invited to re-use the material, provided that credit is given to the original article.
The Astronomy Image Explorer is located at http://www.astroexplorer.org/. The press release can be found at http://ioppublishing.org/newsDetails/astronomy-image-explorer-launched
10 December 2013
ORCID is an open, non-profit, community-based effort to provide a registry of unique researcher identifiers and a transparent method of linking research activities and outputs to these identifiers.
Researchers and contributors may now link education and employment affiliations to their ORCID Records. The addition of affiliations allows researchers to further distinguish themselves from those with similar names.
Some publishers have already enabled author identification through ORCID iDs (e.g., the Nature Publishing Group).
You can set up your ORCID ID or log into an existing account to add information at https://orcid.org/signin
18 November 2013
A new entry at the In The Dark blog announces that the Open Journal for Astrophysics (OJFA) now accepts test submissions. The OJFA is a community-driven effort to establish a peer-reviewed open access journal based on the arXiv infrastructure that charges neither readers nor authors. All services are "provided free by members of the astrophysics community as a service to the astrophysics community."
The full blog post can be found here.
7 November 2013
The Library hosted an IEEE Xplore (http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/) training session on Thursday, 7 Nov 2013, 14:00 - 14:45 hrs.
The session was held by Ms. Eszter Lukacs, IEEE Client Services Manager at SAM (Standards And More) who presented new features and provided Tips & Tricks regarding the IEEE Xplore database, including info on various search modes (basic, advanced, command-driven), how to set up personal accounts and save searches, as well as enhanced features available through the HTML version of articles.
21 October 2013
This year's International Open Access Week takes place October 21-27. The motto is: Open Access: Redefining Impact. Further information can be found at http://www.openaccessweek.org.
9 October 2013
The library now provides access to e-versions of Cambridge University Press (CUP) astronomy books from 2012 onward. Purchased titles can be accessed through the library catalog.
All CUP astronomy books are listed at the publisher's website. This page also provides a search box, covering all subject areas. For astronomy books published before 2012, chances are high that the library holds a print version.
eBooks are available via PDFs of individual chapters.
20 September 2013
The ESO Library participated in the Science Operations (SciOps) 2013 conference and presented a talk on "ESO telbib: an interconnected database". The presentation slides are available from the libraries pages.
13 September 2013
The 10,000th paper using data from ESO's facilities has been added to the ESO Telescope Bibliography (telbib), our database of refereed papers which have been published by the ESO users community. telbib contains papers dating back to 1996 and is compiled by the ESO Library by scanning the major astronomical journals for scientific papers that contain any of the ESO-defined keywords (e.g., telescope and instrument names). All papers included in the database have been inspected visually to ensure that they directly use ESO observational data. A more detailed description can be found in the ESO Announcement ann13073.
13 May 2013
A new research repository has been announced: Zenodo which has been created through funds from the European Commission's Framework Programm 7 (FP7).
The intention of Zenodo is to provide a platform that allows researchers to share and showcase multidisciplinary research results including publications and especially data which are not part of the existing institutional or subject-based repositories currently available.
The announcement, posted on isgtw (international science grid this week), can be found here
2 Apr 2013
Papers included in the ESO Telescope Bibliography (telbib) have been enhanced with Altmetric scores. The Altmetric score is a measure of the quality and quantity of attention that a scholarly article has received.
In addition, the telbib database can now be queried automatically through an API (Application Programming Interface). For more inforamtion, see http://telbib.eso.org/api-docu.php
21 Jan 2013
Recently, news was circulated regarding the idea that mathematicians will launch and run (ideally at zero cost) an open access journal, based on arXiv ("arXiv overlay journal"):
"The idea is that the parts of the publication process that academics do voluntarily — editing and refereeing — are just as they are for traditional journals, and we do without the parts that cost money, such as copy-editing and typesetting."
The plan is to start in April. The group behind the initiative consists of international mathematicians and is called the Episciences Project. If indeed a model could be found where both reading and publishing articles is free, the organizers would call this the "diamond open access".
19 Oct 2012
A recent study published in Science (Oct. 11) brings a positive note to authors of papers that have been rejected by journals: it seems that overall, previously rejected manuscripts in the end are cited more often. The research is based on a survey among 80,000 authors of life science papers.
A scientist who was interviewed for a report on the study in the online magazine The Scientist found the following possible explanation:
“Papers that are more likely to contend against the status quo are more likely to find an opponent in the review system”—and thus be rejected—“but those papers are also more likely to have an impact on people across the system,” earning them more citations when finally published.
18 Sep 2012
The following new journal has just been announced:
|Journal of Astronomical Instrumentation
World Scientific, online ISSN: 2251-1725
"JAI will publish papers describing astronomical instruments being proposed, developed, under construction and in use [...] JAI will consist of high-quality, refereed papers that are electronically accessible (open access)."
The Guidelines for Contributors (http://www.worldscientific.com/page/jai/submission-guidelines) state that article processing fees will be waived for submissions in 2012; however, they do not indicate what the price will be afterwards.
13 Sep 2012
The following new features have been added to the ESO Telescope Bibliography (telbib, http://telbib.eso.org):
(1) We implemented stabilobj, a tool that allows users to select an astronomical object in a web page and retrieve information from CDS databases like SIMBAD and VizieR. Text anywhere in the page can be selected. If it is recognized as an astronomical object, a dedicated tooltip (pop-up window) will be displayed with links to the remote databases.
stabilobj has been developed by Sebastien Derriere, CDS; a demo page is available at http://cdsweb.u-strasbg.fr/~derriere/stabilobj/
(2) A new webpage provides an overview of ESO publication statistics (1996-2011). In order to make our statistics more transparent and reproducible, the numbers are linked to the corresponding records in the telbib database:
In addition, we continue to maintain the "Basic ESO Publication Statistics" document (available from the ESO libraries homepage or directly at http://www.eso.org/sci/libraries/edocs/ESO/ESOstats.pdf) which provides more detailed metrics including instrument-level statistics.
16 Aug 2012
A recent post on the O'Reilly radar blog describes text mining projects using ADS abstracts of MNRAS, ApJ, and A&A back to vol. 1. They originate from the recent .Astronomy Hack Day and lead to interesting results, for instance on the use of certain keywords in the literature over time or the number of authors per paper. Some of them can be guessed, e.g., the decreasing number of single-author papers during recent years, but now there are numbers to prove it.
One noteworthy finding is that since approx. the 1960s, there is a steep increase in the number of active research astronomers. At the same time, the number of scientific papers is increasing too, but at a slightly lower rate. In summary, this means that nowadays more astronomers are needed to write the same number of papers.
The blog entry, along with an interview with Robert Simpson, one of the project leaders and some some visualizations can be found at
11 Jul 2012
The library is organizing a session on Open Access Publishing which will take place
Tuesday, July 31, 2012 at 3 pm (Garching) / 9 am (Chile)
in the ESO Council Room. A video link to ESO Santiago will be provided.
We will discuss
- why it might make sense to publish in an OA journal
- which criteria can be used to judge the quality of OA journals and publishers
- how you can identify so-called 'predatory' publishers
- what the current situation is of open access publishing in astronomy
Some background information can be found in the introductory presentation given at the Faculty meeting on June 25 (http://www.eso.org/sci/libraries/edocs/ESO/OApublishing_ESO_Faculty.pdf)
We are looking forward to a lively discussion.